Current issues of prevention of moristics and mortality of children and adolescents associated with risk behavior (review)

  • Z. V. Lashkul State Institution «Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of post-graduate education Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
  • V. V. Chemirisov State Institution «Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of post-graduate education Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
  • V. L. Kurochka State Institution «Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of post-graduate education Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
  • N. Y. Motovytsya State Institution «Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of post-graduate education Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
  • L. D. Yarova State Institution «Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of post-graduate education Ministry of Health of Ukraine», Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
Keywords: Prevention, morbidity, children and adolescents, risky behavior


Purpose of the study. To analyze modern literature sources related to the search for

of children and adolescents who are associated with risky behavior.

Materials and methods. Historical and bibliosemantic methods were used to fulfill the purpose of the study. A systematic analysis of works, abstract databases of libraries, statistical and reference materials was carried out. A total of 187 sources. Of these, 99 national and 71 foreign. The review analyzes current issues of medical and social nature regarding the possibilities of improving the prevention of morbidity of children and adolescents associated with risky behavior, and its intersectoral and interdisciplinary integration.

Research results and their discussion. It was found that pronounced negative changes in the health of adolescents associated with risky behavior occur worldwide and have led to serious medical and social consequences - deteriorating reproductive health, limited vocational education, employment, reducing the number of young men fit for military service.

Conclusions. The results became a roadmap for further research on the spread of risk-related behaviors at the regional level and the organization of its prevention.


Health 2020: European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century/WHO/Europe. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Publishing. 2013. 224 p.

Bilinska MM, Vasyuk NO, Firsova OD. Medico-social principles of public governance in the field of health care: a monograph. Kyiv: NAPA; 2018. 416 p.

Currie EdC. Social determinants of adolescent health and well-being. Health Behavior of School-Age Children Study: International Survey Report 2009–2010. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe. 2012. 274 p.

Lukyanova OM. Medico-social aspects of preserving the health of children, ensuring their harmonious physical and intellectual development Journal of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. 2001;7 (3): 408–415.

Cooper ML. Alcohol use and risky sexual behavior among college students and youth: evaluating the evidence. J Stud Alcohol Suppl [Internet]. 2002; (14): 101–17. Available from:

Eaton DK, Kann L, Kinchen S, Ross J, Hawkins J, et al. Youth risk behavior surveillance – United States, 2005. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2006; 55 (SS–5): 1–108.

Parkes A, Wight D, Henderson M, Hart G. Explaining associations between adolescent substance use and condom use. J Adolesc Health [Internet]. 2007; 40 (2): 180.e1–18. Available from:

Huibregtse BM, Bornovalova MA, Hicks BM, McGue M, Iacono W. Testing the role of adolescent sexual initiation in later-life sexual risk behavior: a longitudinal twin design: A longitudinal twin design. Psychol Sci [Internet]. 2011; 22 (7): 924–33. Available from: http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/0956797611410982.

Increasing the knowledge base on young people’s sexual and reproductive health and rights in Europe. Summary report of qualitative research conducted in five European countries under the SAFE II project. Brussels: IPPF European Network; 2012 20 report.pdf.

Laakkonen H. Adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health (SRH): empowering young people to realize their full potential. Entre Nous. 2014; 80.

Dehne KL, Riedner G. Sexually transmitted infections among adolescents: the need for adequate health services. Reprod Health Matters [Internet]. 2001; 9 (17): 170–83. Available from:

Providing medical and social services to children and youth on the basis of a friendly approach: guidelines. K: 2008. 29 p.

Indicators of public health and use of health resources in Ukraine for 2011–17. Kyiv: CMS of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine; 2017. 328 p.

Health status of children aged 0–17 years inclusive for 2017: analytical and statistical guide. Kyiv,Center for Medical Statistics of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine;2018.

Bruner C. From child health coverage to healthy child development: federal health reform opportunities to improve the health of america. The Journal of Pediatrics. 157 (1): 1–2.

Bener A, Hussain SJ, Ghaffar A, Abou-Taleb H, El-Sayed HF. Trends in childhood trauma mortality in the fast economically developing State of Qatar. World Journal of Pediatrics [Internet]. 2010;7(1):41-44. Available from: doi:10.1007/s12519-010-0208-x.

Rinda FP, Krysko MO. Implementation of the WHO policy «Health for all in the 21st century» in the state programs for public health of Ukraine «Health of the Nation». 2012; 1 (21): 90–94.

Slabkyy HO, Shafransky VV, Dudin OO. Disability of children as a problem of prevention and effective rehabilitation. Bulletin of social hygiene and health care organization. 2016; 3 (69): 1–6.

Voronenko YuV, Goida NH, Moiseenko RO. Modern aspects of the development of medical and social services for vulnerable groups of children in Ukraine [Electronic resource]; 2015 1. Access mode: voronenko-yu-v.

Polishchuk LM, Ustinskaya OV., Radaeva IM. Analysis of prevention of measures to reduce school injuries. Young scientist. 2016; 11.1 (38.1): 81–85.

On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Combating Bullying: Law of Ukraine of December 18, 2018. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada (VVR); 2019. 33р.

Proskuryakov Samuel. Learning without fear.What you need to know about the new antibullying law and bullying at school [Electronic resource].2018.Access mode: https://zaborona. com/navchannia-bez-strakhu-shcho-potribnoznaty- pro-antybulinhovyj-zakon/.

Yaremenko AT, Balakireva O, Vakulenko O, et al. Forming a healthy lifestyle of young people: problems and prospects. Kyiv: Ukrainian Institute for Social Research; 2000.

Wu XY, Zhuang LH, Li W, Guo HW, Zhang JH, Zhao YK, et al. The influence of diet quality and dietary behavior on health-related quality of life in the general population of children and adolescents: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Qual Life Res [Internet]. 2019; 28 (8): 1989–2015. Available from: http://dx.doi. org/10.1007/s11136-019-02162-4.

Salam RA, Das JK, Lassi ZS, Bhutta ZA. Adolescent Health Interventions: Conclusions, Evidence Gaps, and Research Priorities. Journal of Adolescent Health [Internet]. 2016;59(4):S88-S92. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.05.006.

Salam RA, Hooda M, Das JK. Interventions to improve adolescent nutrition: A systematic review and meta-analysis. 2016; 59: 29-39.

Das JK, Salam RA, Arshad A, Lassi ZS, Bhutta ZA. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Improve Access and Coverage of Adolescent Immunizations. Journal of Adolescent Health [Internet]. 2016;59(4):S40-S48. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.07.005.

Das JK, Salam RA, Lassi ZS, Khan MN, Mahmood W, Patel V, et al. Interventions for Adolescent Mental Health: An Overview of Systematic Reviews. Journal of Adolescent Health [Internet]. 2016;59(4):S49-S60. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.06.020.

World Health Organization. World Health Organization – Health for the world’s adolescents a second chance in the second decade [Internet]. [cited 2022 May 5]. Available from:

Dudnik SV. Perspective directions of achieving an effective state policy in the field of child health and prevention of child mortality. Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2017; 4: 46–53.

Gaborets YuYu, Dudina ОО. Dynamics of morbidity of children in Ukraine in the regional aspect and the prevalence of diseases between them Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2017; 4 (45): 18–28.

Dudnik SV Comparative characteristics and current trends in infant mortality in Ukraine, European countries and post-Soviet countries. Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2017; 4 (45): 29–35.

Dudnik SV Health status and some aspects of the organization of medical care for children in Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2018; 2: 26–34.

Koschollek C, Bartig S, Rommel A, Santos- Hövener C, Lampert T. The health of children and adolescents with a migration background in Germany – Results of the cross-sectional KiGGS Wave 2 study. J Health Monit [Internet]. 2019; 4 (3): 7–28. Available from: http://dx.doi. org/10.25646/6074.

Alabaf S, Gillberg C, Lundström S, Lichtenstein P, Kerekes N, Råstam M, et al. Physical health in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord [Internet]. 2019; 49 (1): 83–95. Available from: http://dx.doi. org/10.1007/s10803-018-3697-4.

Kadir A, Battersby A, Spencer N, Hjern A. Children on the move in Europe: a narrative review of the evidence on the health risks, health needs and health policy for asylum seeking, refugee and undocumented children. BMJ Paediatr Open [Internet]. 2019; 3 (1): bmjpo-2018-000364. Available from: bmjpo-2018-000364.

ISSOP position statement on migrant child health. Child: Care, Health and Development [Internet]. 2017;44(1):161-170. Available from: doi:10.1111/cch.12485.

Annual report on the state of health of the population, the sanitary and epidemiological situation and the results of the health care system of Ukraine. 2014. Kyiv: Ministry of Health of Ukraine, UISD Ministry of Health of Ukraine; 2015. 460 p.

Annual report on the state of health of the population, the sanitary and epidemiological situation and the results of the health care system of Ukraine in 2017. Kyiv: Ministry of Health of Ukraine, State Institution «Ministry of Health of Ukraine»; IEC «Medinform»; 2018. 458 p.

Annual report on the state of health of the population, sanitary and epidemiological situation and the results of the health care system of Ukraine 2016. K.: Ministry of Health of Ukraine, «UISD Ministry of Health of Ukraine»; 2017. 516 p.

Vereshchak AO, Chubina TD. Propaganda of fire and personal safety in the youth environment: the urgency of the problem. Materials of the All- Ukrainian scientific-practical. conf.cadets and students. – Cherkasy: ChIPB them. Heroes of Chornobyl NUTSZ of Ukrain; 2019:134–36.

WHO. Children’s environmental health: Injuries (2015). URL: risks/cehinjuries/en/.

Balakireva OM, Ringach NO, Levin RJ, Sakovich O. The state and factors of health of Ukrainian adolescents.К.: Institute of Social Research; 2011.171 p.

Shavaliev RF, Volgina SYa, Kondratiev AS. Scientific and practical experience in the organization of recreation, health and employment of adolescents with deviant behavior in the Republic of Tatarstan.Russian Pediatric Journal. 2013; 6: 31–35.

Kysel A, Odessa II. Mechnikov National University. Legal regulation of the protection of minors. Entrepreneurship, Economy and Law [Internet]. 2019; 10: 73–78. Available from: http://

Slabkyy HO, Dudina ОО, Dudnik SV. Comprehensive assessment of the activities of perinatal care institutions in Ukraine. The health of the nation.2019; 1 (54): 79–87.

Dzenzelyuk DO, Kandilov I.Yu. Attitudes of young people to their own health.Actual. problems of youth in modern socio-economic conditions: materials International. scientific-practical Conf., March 22, 2019. Zhytomyr: GPS; 2019: 95–96.

Polka NS, Gozak SV, Elizarova OT et al. The latest approach to assessing the health of adolescents in hygienic research. Journal. National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine. 2019; 3 (25): 337–339.

Nosko MO, Harkusha SV, Vertel OV. Modern risk factors for the health of pupils and students. Visn. National University «Chernihiv Collegium» named after TG Shevchenko. Chernihiv: UCHK,2019; 3 (159): 267–273.

Pykhtina N, Fedorchenko T. Prevention of deviant behavior of children and youth: psychological, pedagogical and socio-legal aspects: teaching method. manual; 2018. 376р.

Shishchuk VD, Terekhov AM, Nureyn NM, Mrita EG. Regional features of child injuries in the Sumy region. Fourth Sumy scientific geographical readings: collection. materials of the All-Ukrainian sciences. conf., (Sumy, October 11–13, 2019)/Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A.S. Makarenko, Sumy Department of the Ukrainian Geographical Society. – Sumy: Sumy State Pedagogical University named after AS Makarenko, 2019: 18–24.

Troyanovska MM, Lazarenko MH, Zhlobo VO. Prevention of injuries in adaptive physical culture for students with special educational needs. 2019; 3 (159): 296–301.

Korolchuk A, Sulima A, Rushkivsky R, Shevchenko O, et al. Features of methods of physical therapy in children with fresh and old hand injuries: Physical culture, sports and health of the nation. 2019; 8: 272–277.

Injury – a global problem of today / Medical newspaper «Health of Ukraine 21st century». 2017; 19 (416): 33–55. URL: http://health-ua. com/multimedia/ 3/1/6/3/3/1510570044.pdf.

Lazuka E. The work of preliminary classroom for prediction of bulling in children’s collective. 2019; Available from: ZENODO.3247969.

Protsyk LS. The influence of information space on the formation of violent behavior of the adolescent Zb. materials of the VII All-Ukrainian scientific-practical. conference of young scientists «Scientific Youth-2019». 2019: 42–45.

Batyrgareieva VS. Suicide of the children and adolescents in Ukraine: the influence of the Internet. Issues of crime prevention [Internet]. 2019; 37: 35–46. Available from: http://dx.doi. org/10.31359/2079-6242-2018-37-35.

Lebrun-Harris LA, Sherman LJ, Limber SP, Miller BD, Edgerton EA. Bullying Victimization and Perpetration among U.S. Children and Adolescents: 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health. Journal of Child and Family Studies [Internet]. 2018;28(9):2543-2557. Available from: doi:10.1007/s10826-018-1170-9.

General Assembly. Protecting children from bullying: Report of the Secretary General, A/71/213.2016. URL:

Kann L, McManus T, Harris WA, [et al.] Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance: United States/ Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Surveillance Summaries. 2015. Vol. 65 (6). P. 1174.

Shkilʹnyak MM, Zhelyuk TL, Vasina AYU et al. Analytical note on the materials of scientificpractical. conf. with international participation. 2018; 4: 168–180.

Bugro VI. Analysis of the opinion of health care organizers on the prospects of reforming secondary health care in the pilot regions of Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2019; 1 (54): 67–72.

Slabkyy HO. Problems of staffing the health care system of Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2017; 4 (45): 5–9.

Rynda FP, Sytenko OR. On the application of preventive methods in the practice of general practitioners-family doctors Ukraine. The health of the nation. 2017; 4 (45): 68–73.

Antipkin G, Volosovets OP, Maidannik VG, et al. The state of health of children – the future of the country. 2018; 13: 11–21.

Dudnik SV, editor. Status and trends of the Ukrainian children’s health service: organizational, staffing and resource support: 138–42.

How to Cite
Lashkul, Z. V., Chemirisov, V. V., Kurochka, V. L., Motovytsya, N. Y., & Yarova, L. D. (2022). Current issues of prevention of moristics and mortality of children and adolescents associated with risk behavior (review). Modern Medical Technology, (2(53), 66-73.
Reviews of literature, lections