Dynamics analysis of the reasons for disability among population of Zaporizhzhia region at 2013–2018
Purpose of the study. To study the dynamics of the main causes of disability among the population of Zaporizhzhia region for 2013– 2018.
Materials and methods. The materials of the study were statistical reports of medical and social expert commissions of Zaporizhzhia Region Center for Medical and Social Expertise for 2013–2018.
Statistical data processing was performed with calculations of intensive indicators for 10 thousand of the total population and for 10 thousand of adult population of Zaporizhzhya region. Statistical processing of the study materials was using computer programs of the STATISTICA package (StatSoft Statistica v. 6.0).
Results. The disability indicator can be considered as a reflection of the success of society, social protection and the level and quality of public health.
The article analyzes the dynamics of causes of disability among the population of Zaporizhzhia region for 2013–2018 according to the annual reports of medical and social expert commissions. We conducted an analysis of the causes of disability among the population of Zaporizhzhia region for 2013–2018.
The main causes of disability are: general illness; disability since childhood; industrial accident (occupational injury or other damage to health); occupational disease; diseases associated with exposure to radioactive radiation due to the Chornobyl disaster; injuries, injuries, injuries, illnesses in the military.
Conclusions. The most common cause of disability is «common disease», which is established in the absence of grounds (evidence) for recognizing the presence of any other cause.
In recent years, the population of Zaporizhzhia region has seen a gradual increase in primary disability due to general illness, work injury and among military personnel. At the same time, there is a tendency to decrease primary childhood disability and occupational diseases.
During the indicated period (2013–2018), there has been a slight fluctuation in the disability indicators due to the Chornobyl disaster, both downward and upward, with an overall trend towards stability.
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