Training for parents on forming the skills of effective interaction with children as a means of prevention of riskable behavior of children and adolescents
Researchers at the World Health Organization are drawing attention to the long-term effects of risky behavior on adolescent children, as 35% of the global burden of illness originates in adolescence. According to the WHO definition, violence can be a cause of infectious and non-communicable diseases, psychological trauma, and also a risk behavior for children and adolescents.
Purpose of the study. The effective means identifying of preventing risky behavior in children and adolescents.
Materials and methods. One of the factors affecting the formation of appropriate «risk behaviors» in children and adolescents can be considered as various forms of violence. In order to find out the appropriate situation in Zaporizhzhya we conducted a study aimed at determining the degree of prevalence of physical, psychological and sexual abuse among adolescents of vocational establishments of the city. 283 vocational school students, whose average age years from 15 to 17.
The questionnaire included behavioral and social risk factors in the family, interviews with adolescents about physical, psychological, and sexual abuse against them, if so, by whom: parents, teachers, classmates, acquaintances, and acquaintances.
In accordance with the set tasks and to achieve the goal of the research, we used a set of general scientific and special methods interrelated and consistently applied during the research: system analysis, biblio-semantic, statistical, correlation.
Results and discussion. When asked whether the facts of physical violence with punishment from 283 respondents confirmed the facts of physical violence with punishment against them – 78 persons, or 27,5% of the total number of respondents. Among the possible abusers (parents, teachers, classmates, acquaintances, and non-abusers) mentioned in the questionnaire, parents rank first in the number of cases of physical violence and punishment.
In cases where child abuse was recorded or observed, family members were prevented, which included targeted work with specific groups of adults and children. The purpose of the relevant work is to develop humane treatment of adults for children, life skills and skills of adults and children, clarify the nature and responsibility of child abuse through training.
Conclusions. An effective tool for preventing risky behavior of children and adolescents can be considered as training for parents to develop the skills of constructive interaction with children.
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