Scientific Misconduct, Expressions of Concern, and Retraction
As defined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), Scientific misconduct in research and non-research publications includes:
- fabricate data;
- falsification of data, including fraudulent manipulations with images;
- intentional failure to disclose a conflict of interest;
If any type of scientific misconduct is confirmed post-publication, the questioned article is considered for retraction. The following COPE retraction guideline will be consulted:
The Journal editors will investigate the retraction case and the editor-in-chief will publish a retraction notice, explaining its reasons. The flawed article will remain in the public domain marked retracted along with the retraction notice.
Plagiarism is the expression of scientific ideas, results or texts without a correct indication of the source of borrowing. The editors reserve the right to screen submitted manuscripts for plagiarism.